Elizabeth Bay Sydney is a harbourside suburb in eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Elizabeth Bay is located 3 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney.
The suburb of Elizabeth Bay takes its name from the bay on Sydney Harbour. Macleay Point separates Elizabeth Bay from Rushcutters Bay. The suburb of Elizabeth Bay is surrounded by the suburbs of Rushcutters Bayand Potts Point. Kings Cross is a locality on the south-western border and Garden Island is a locality, to the north.Elizabeth Bay was named in honour of Governor Lachlan Macquarie’s wife, Elizabeth. The area was originally known by the Aboriginal name ‘Yarrandabby’ and what is now Macleay Point was ‘Jerrewon’.
Alexander Macleay (1767–1848), the Colonial Secretary of New South Wales, was granted 54 acres (220,000 m2) here in 1828. He commissioned architect John Verge (1788–1861) to build Elizabeth Bay House, a Regency style home that was completed in 1837.Elizabeth Bay House is a historic home managed by the Historic Houses Trust, located in Onslow Avenue with views across Sydney Harbour. It was designed by John Verge in the Regency style and is listed on theRegister of the National Estate.
Ashton, located at the bottom of Elizabeth Bay Road, was designed by Thomas Rowe in the Victorian Italianate style and built circa 1875. It was originally part of a group of villas built for well-off clients who included Thomas Rowe, John Grafton Ross, Charles Henry Hoskins and Sir Cecil Harold Hoskins. In more recent years, the character of the area was changed radically by the building of blocks of flats, but Ashton survived as one of the few original buildings in the area. It has a New South Wales State Heritage listing.