Dame Eadith Walker Hospital

Sydney Architecture

Represented here are been painting Sydney Architecture throughout Sydney, New South Wales and Australia for the past 25 years. The drawings and watercolours of these buildings represent some of the state’s finest architectural emblems.

Australian architecture has generally been consistent with architectural trends in the wider Western world, with some special adaptations to compensate for distinctive Australian climatic and cultural factors. Indigenous Australians produced only semi-permanent structures and during Australia’s early Western history, it was a collection of British colonies in which architectural styles were strongly influenced by British designs. However, the unique climate of Australia necessitated adaptations, and 20th-century trends reflected the increasing influence of American urban designs and a diversification of the cultural tastes and requirements of an increasinglymulticultural Australian society.

Notable Australian architectural adaptations include the Queenslander and Federation styles of residential architecture. Iconic Australian designs include the UNESCO listed Sydney Opera House, Melbourne Royal Exhibition Building and the 11 remnant penal colony sites selected for World Heritage protection in 2010.

Three main divisions have been identified in Sydney Architecture. These are colonial, historicism and contemporary. Australian architecture hasn’t developed any new order or ideas to world architecture.

In the period before European settlement of Australia in 1788, there were diverse forms of Indigenous architecture across Australia. The rich architecture traditions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples generally went unrecognized by the European Settlers. As a British colony, the first European buildings were derivative of the European fashions of the time. As most of the colonialists where from England the first buildings reflected English ideas.

Georgian architecture is seen in early government buildings and the homes of the wealthy. The architect Francis Greenway, who appears on the Australian ten-dollar note designed early buildings in the Georgian style. Examples include the Hyde Park Barracks, St James’ Church and St Matthews Church at historic Windsor.